MTP, which stands for Medical Termination of Pregnancy, is a procedure of terminating pregnancy using medicines. In the early stages of pregnancy (7-9 weeks), it can be terminated with the help of medicine, otherwise, the surgical process is needed. If the length of pregnancy is not exceeded 20 weeks then, medical termination of pregnancy is legal in India. Legally, only the consent of a major pregnant woman is needed in terminating the pregnancy and no other person’s consent needs to be obtained.
How is Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Performed?
MTP is performed by experienced professionals and gynaecologist because even if the procedure is minor, the risk involved is high. It is important to visit a gynaecologist because there can be numerous complications regarding the abortion and before proceeding further one needs to check all the risk associated with medical termination of pregnancy. The gynaecologist will first carry out the pregnancy test. This test confirms the period of pregnancy. USG in pregnancy, an ultrasound exam to check the age of the pregnancy and to confirm whether the pregnancy is not outside the uterus (ectopic pregnancy) and also not a tumour that developed in the uterus (molar pregnancy). You will also be checked for anaemia, any sexually transmitted diseases and condition of health. Here in Apollo Cradle, we give you the chance to discuss your doubts with our expert counsellor before taking the final decision.
Also, Read – Medical Termination of Pregnancy: Types and Who Can Opt For It
If the MTP has to be done by the non-surgical process then doctors usually recommend a pill named- Mifepristone (Mifeprex). This pill can be given either by injection or orally. In order to prevent infection, Antibiotics are also given. The mifepristone obstructs progesterone and its shortage affects the uterine lining. This fall in progesterone prevents the pregnancy to grow further. This process causes contractions and expels the fetus and it may take a few hours or days. A week later, a medical examination is also conducted to confirm the complete termination of pregnancy and check for any complications.