To treat small stones that aren’t causing you too much difficulty, your doctor may recommend the following:
Drinking water - It is important to drink plenty of fluids when you have kidney or ureteral stones. Most doctors recommend about 2 to 3 liters of water per day (one half to two-thirds of a gallon). This is meant to flush your urinary tract system. Talk with your doctor about how much fluid you should be drinking and whether any of that fluid can be in a form other than plain water.
Taking pain relievers - Because passing even small stones can cause pain, your doctor may recommend over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) or naproxen sodium (Aleve) to help you manage the pain and discomfort.
Taking medications to help you pass the stones - Your doctor may recommend a medication called an alpha blocker to help you pass your kidney stones. It helps relax the muscles in your ureter, which should reduce pain and help you pass the stone more quickly.
Treating larger stones or stones with more severe symptoms or risks of complications
If you have large stones or severe symptoms, or the type of stone puts you at higher risk for complications, you may need to have a medical or surgical procedure. Those procedures include:
SHOCK WAVE LITHOTRIPSY (SWL)
This procedure, also known as extracorporeal shock wa